Executive orders in immigration: President Obama to follow past presidents in executive action

A history of executive orders.

A history of executive orders.

President Obama, backed into a corner by Congress, must fix immigration with a pen and phone. The New York Times reports that the President, behind closed doors, is working on executive actions to overhaul immigration. An arduous task at best, the President has much work to do, meeting with lobbyists and members of interest groups and advisors. It is noteworthy that the executive branch of government may use executive orders to accomplish goals, despite the lack of an organized system for executive action. Congress, however, is by design, the branch of government best structured to conduct hearings, sort information and create laws. Without the meaningful assistance of Congress, President Obama is now expected to follow previous presidents who affected immigration using executive action.[i]

Everyone is affected by systemic problems in U.S. immigration but politics creates a permanent block to progress.

House Democrats want amnesty for individuals seeking asylum and immigration relief. House Republicans want southern border security and an efficient deportation process. With increased awareness of terror groups and rampant criminal action in the streets, many people living in violent and insecure countries are learning how they can come to the U.S., but they don’t know how to navigate the system to come legally, and follow in line with others making a run to U.S. borders. The immigration problems in the U.S. are not getting better and they will likely only grow worse. In the past, U.S. presidents, from both political parties, used executive orders to solve pressing immigration problems.

President Obama, like his predecessors, has executive order options he can use to overhaul immigration.

The way you hear House Republicans attacking and suing President Obama for signing executive orders in once instance, and criticizing him for failing to write immigration reform may be confusing to many. In fact, President Obama has only issued 185 executive orders as of August 5, 2014[ii]; According to Newsweek, his number, “Is Lower Than Any President in 130 Years.[iii]” In a recent report prepared by a political research organization, Executive Actions Speak Louder Than Words[iv], other recent presidents signed many more orders than President Obama:

  1. Barack Obama – 185 executive orders between 2009 and 2014;
  2. George W. Bush – 291 executive orders during two terms in office;
  3. Bill Clinton – 364 executive orders during two terms in office;
  4. George H.W. Bush – 166 executive orders during one term in office;
  5. Ronald Reagan – 381 executive orders during two terms in office;
  6. Jimmy Carter – 320 executive orders during one term in office.

Past presidents, including Reagan and both Bush presidents used executive action to address immigration.

Important executive orders have been used in recent history to address compelling civil rights problems. While so many people are quick to judge a current president’s record, it is easy to forget that this is not a new method to cure immigration problems in the U.S. Here is a summary of some notable executive actions in immigration, taken by recent U.S. presidents[v]:

  • 1987 – President Reagan eased immigration standards for 200,000 Nicaraguan exiles in the U.S.;
  • 1990 – President Bush Sr. protected Chinese students fearing persecution if sent back to China;
  • 1991 – President Bush Sr. delayed deportation for hundreds of Kuwaiti residents for four years;
  • 1992 – President Bush Sr. made repatriation “automatic” for Haitians coming to the U.S., including those with “potentially valid claim to refugee status”;
  • 1993 – President Clinton granted 18-month extension of the Deferred Enforcement Departure Program, giving 200,000 Salvadorans the right to legally live and work in the U.S.;
  • 1997 – President Clinton again used executive authority to give exemptions to up to 20,000 Haitians for an additional year, from strict new deportation rules;
  • 1998 – President Clinton temporarily suspended deportation to hurricane-ravaged countries;
  • 2001 – President Bush Jr. gave temporary protected status to up to 150,000 Salvadorans;
  • 2002 – President Bush Jr. expedited naturalization for green card holders enlisted in the military.

Obviously, the use of executive actions by U.S. presidents, in immigration, is a common practice. Despite House Representatives, who refuse to take meaningful action in immigration reform, the President can and apparently will sign one or a series of executive orders to address current immigration crises, including some 57,000 recent migrant individuals fleeing from Central America.

KiKi M. Mosley keeps pace with the immigration roller coaster on Capitol Hill because real people need immigration reform today.

Attorney KiKi M. Mosley is licensed to practice law by the State of Illinois and Louisiana. She is skilled and experienced in complex immigration law issues including DACA and related options for children arriving in the U.S. For more information about the law firm, please visit www.KiKisLaw.com, and do not forget to “Like” the firm on Facebook and “Follow” on Twitter. You can also review Attorney Mosley’s endorsements on her Avvo profile.

[i] New York Times, Behind Closed Doors, Obama Crafts Executive Actions, by Julie Hirschfeld Davis, Aug. 18, 2014.

[ii] Federal Register, Executive Orders website.

[iii] Newsweek, An Embarrassing Hole in Boehner’s Plan to Sue ‘King’ Obama, by Leah McGrath Goodman, Jun. 27, 2014.

[iv] American Bridge, Executive Actions Speak Louder Than Words, Aug. 8, 2014.

[v] See American Bridge report (HNiv) for specific article sources.

More than 60,000 unaccompanied minors need immigration lawyers and volunteer organizations need pro bono help

There are resources for immigrants seeking free legal counsel and for attorneys who want to volunteer their time on immigration cases.

There are resources for immigrants seeking free legal counsel and for attorneys who want to volunteer their time on immigration cases.

Congress who failed to take serious action to address an epic immigration crisis left 60,000 unaccompanied minors in the dust. Meanwhile, there are plenty of people with legal talent and non-profits with experience and commitment to volunteer initiatives to help children in need. Advocates for the children who fled from violence and instability in their home countries are working hard to train talented attorneys in immigration law, which is a large undertaking when immigration law and policy is complex and not intuitive.

Video: Vice President Joe Biden offers his candid comments about the need for more pro bono immigration lawyers.

The problems with unaccompanied child immigrants start when the children who do not know the law, have no idea how to ask for help. Many of these children might be able to qualify for asylum and could obtain relief to stay in the U.S., but the nine-page application is only available in English and without learning how to seek asylum in the first place, most remain helpless.

Instead of getting the help they need, the children will likely end up with denied asylum applications and face a federal prosecutor seeking deportation in immigration court. This presents a nearly impossible situation, says one immigration attorney quoted in a recent article about asylum for unaccompanied minors, “If you have an unrepresented child, their actual ability to do any of this as a pro se from my perspective is zero.[i]

To learn more about the challenges unaccompanied minors face in navigating our courts, read our article, Thousands of unaccompanied minor immigrant children need comprehensive immigration reform.

In response to the children’s crisis, bar associations and legal aid groups are eager to meet the children’s’ need, “”Every single immigration lawyers’ bar association across the country is scrambling to try to find people to even take the first little tiny hearing for these cases,” said Laura Lichter, a Colorado-based immigration attorney and the former president of the American Immigration Lawyers Association.[ii]

There are resources for immigrants seeking free legal counsel and for attorneys who want to volunteer their time on immigration cases.

There are several places attorneys can volunteer their time on pro bono immigration cases. The American Immigration Lawyers Association, (“AILA”) has pro bono programs[iii] and an immigration lawyer search tool available for members of the public looking for an immigration lawyer to volunteer some of their time to pro bono cases. Another fine organization, the National Immigrant Justice Center serves Chicago’s immigrant communities and they have pro bono resources and information about training for lawyers and educational opportunities.

Chicago-based immigration attorney, KiKi M. Mosley dedicates at least 10 percent of her law practice to pro bono cases. She can also direct people interested in more information, to the right people and organizations offering aid.

Attorney KiKi M. Mosley is licensed to practice law by the State of Illinois and Louisiana. She is skilled and experienced in complex immigration law issues including DACA and related options for children arriving in the U.S. For more information about the law firm, please visit www.KiKisLaw.com, and do not forget to “Like” the firm on Facebook and “Follow” on Twitter. You can also review Attorney Mosley’s endorsements on her Avvo profile.

[i] National Journal, Here’s How Hard It Is for Unaccompanied Minors to Get Asylum. By Rachel Roubein, Jul. 15, 2014.

[ii] CBS News, For unaccompanied immigrant children, a shortage of lawyers. By Rebecca Kaplan, Aug. 7, 2014.

[iii] American Immigration Lawyers Association website, Pro Bono.

Ninth hour congressional action by House Representatives: A good faith effort or a show play leaving President Obama to use his executive powers?

Ninth hour congressional action by House Representatives

Ninth hour congressional action by House Representatives

House Speaker John Boehner (R-Ohio) wants President Obama to use executive orders[i] to fix immigration issues, and on the other hand, endorses a lawsuit against him for several of his past issued executive orders including the orders regarding Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (“DACA”). Note that DACA does not give benefit to current arrivals; in order to qualify for DACA program, an individual needed to have been on U.S. soil before 2007. Nevertheless, House Republicans blame DACA for enticing new arriving immigrants.

In his press statement last Thursday about border security and House Republican proposals for reform, Speaker Boehner stated, “This situation shows the intense concern within our conference – and among the American people – about the need to ensure the security of our borders and the president’s refusal to faithfully execute our laws. There are numerous steps the president can and should be taking right now.[ii]

While Speaker Boehner speaks critically of President Obama, House Republicans have their own version of immigration reform legislation that does not sit well with President Obama’s administration.

Note that this statement by Speaker Boehner was issued with regards to H.R. 5230, the border supplemental legislation, proposed by House Republican Rep. Rogers (R-Kentucky), which as proposed, would provide additional money for international operations of U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) to combat the problem of security threats from organized crime networks (drug cartels) and also to reimburse local communities for the cost of housing and educating unaccompanied minors. Of course, there are elements of H.R. 5230 that are more favored by the Republican ideals of addressing immigration.

President Obama would likely be advised to veto this legislation if it moved forward according to recent statement. In response to the introduction of H.R. 5230, the Executive Office of the President’s Office of Management and Budget stated in a July 30, 2014, statement, “Republicans released patchwork legislation that will only put more arbitrary and unrealistic demands on an already broken system. H.R. 5230 could make the situation worse, not better. By setting arbitrary timelines for the processing of cases, this bill could create backlogs that could ultimately shift resources away from priority public safety goals, like deporting known criminals.[iii]

The House Republicans offer a list of, “Immediate Steps the President Could Take to Start Solving the Border Crisis,” published on the House GOP website[iv]:

  • Send the strong, public message that those who enter illegally will be returned;
  • Stop abusing his prosecutorial discretion authority;
  • Stop releasing convicted criminal aliens from detention;
  • Crack down on fraudulent asylum claims;
  • Implement tougher standards for “credible fear” claims;
  • Detain asylum seekers until their claims are proved valid;
  • Restore agreements with local law enforcement agencies to enforce immigration laws;
  • Employ diplomatic resources to stop the border crisis;
  • Give Border Patrol agents access to federal lands.

While there are some steps on the GOP list that could be accomplished by President Obama issuing executive orders and directing DHS and ICE to act and implement new policies. The steps on this list may also be “easier said than done.”

Current immigration clients and their cases can be seriously impacted by the immigration system when it does not move along in an orderly fashion. Wait times are already many years in certain instances and the proposed legislation by the House Republicans could hurt many immigrants who are not part of any border surge, people who arrived on U.S. soil under much different circumstances and conditions. Attorney KiKi M. Mosley works diligently to follow the latest news on immigration reform and share valuable information to help readers keep up with the volatile process of fixing our broken immigration system.

Attorney KiKi M. Mosley is licensed to practice law by the State of Illinois and Louisiana. She is skilled and experienced in complex immigration law issues including DACA and related options for children arriving in the U.S. For more information about the law firm, please visit www.KiKisLaw.com, and do not forget to “Like” the firm on Facebook and “Follow” on Twitter. You can also review Attorney Mosley’s endorsements on her Avvo profile.

[i] Executive orders are enforceable law and are subject to judicial review, and if the executive order is not supported by the Constitution or by statute. When executive orders should be used, versus action voted by congress to be written in an executive order as delegated legislation, is a debatable political question influenced by policy and a variety of factors.

[ii] U.S. Speaker of the House John Boehner: Press Release, Statement by House GOP Leaders on Border Bill, Jul. 31, 2014, Speaker Boehner’s Press Office.

[iii] Executive Office of the President: Office of Management and Budget, Statement of Administration Policy, H.R. 5230 – Making Supplemental Appropriations for the Fiscal Year Ending September 30, 2014, and for Other Purposes. Jul. 30, 2014.

[iv] GOP.gov – House Republicans: Immediate Steps the President Could Take to Start Solving the Border Crisis, Courtesy of the House Judiciary Committee.

President Obama’s $3.7B funding request is not on the calendar but other proposals are scheduled for hearings before summer break

Despite inaction on the President’s funding request, some other immigration proposals are on the schedule, courtesy of several House Republicans.

Despite inaction on the President’s funding request, some other immigration proposals are on the schedule, courtesy of several House Republicans.

As the final days and hours of the current legislative session wind down, it looks like there may not be any action on President Obama’s request for funding. The House will finish the current session on Friday, July 31, at which time members will be on summer break. The House of Representatives online schedule currently does not list any scheduled hearing next week on the President’s request for $3.7B border request. House Speaker, John Boehner, says he does not believe the funding request will go anywhere in the remaining time, “I would certainly hope so, but I don’t have as much optimism as I would like to have.” Boehner added, “There’s just been some comments made by our colleagues across the aisle that are going to make this much more difficult to deal with.[i]

Summary of President Obama’s $3.7B funding request:

The Washington Post published a graphic summary of President Obama’s request of $3.7 billion for “deterrence, enforcement, repatriation, public information campaigns and efforts to address the root causes of migration,” according to the article linked above.

Departments to receive funding under the current request for emergency relief:

  • Health and Human Services – $1.8B – care for unaccompanied children and refugee services;
  • Homeland Security – $1.536B – detention and removal, transportation, ICE enforcement, Customs and Border Patrol employee funding, border security task force programs and increased drone surveillance;
  • State Department – $300M – repair and strengthening of the borders and media campaigns in Mexico and Central America;
  • Justice Department – $64M – additional judges, expanded orientation program, legal representation of immigrants, immigration litigation lawyers for federal agencies.

Despite inaction on the President’s funding request, some other immigration proposals are on the schedule, courtesy of several House Republicans.

On Wednesday, July 29, the House Judiciary Committee, lead by Chairman Bob Goodlatte (R-Va.) will host hearings on a proposed bill, (H.R. 5137), the Asylum Reform and Border Protection Act, to end several of the current immigration policies enacted under President Obama’s administration, under the assumption that those policies are attracting undocumented immigrants to U.S. borders, according to a press release issued on July 17[ii].

A video on the House Judiciary Committee website claims President Obama has not taken sufficient action and that his plan to address the border crisis is nothing but smoke and mirrors: Watch Video. Whether there is enough bipartisan support for H.R. 5137 as a proposed solution to current and future immigration and border problems remains to be seen and it will likely be covered in the media next week.

Another currently scheduled hearing[iii] to take place on Friday, July 31, will be hosted by the Committee on Science, Space and Technology, Subcommittee on Research and Technology. The hearing will focus on the technology that may be needed to secure U.S. borders.

Cable news shows love talking about all the legislative proposals, often regardless of the chances they will get enough votes to pass.

As members of Congress lend their support to the variety of proposed bills, you may wonder if they are making a good faith effort to pass legislation, or whether some of the bills simply provide an opportunity for debate and dialogue, which unfortunately turns into political gamesmanship and attack.

Senator Ted Cruz (R-Tx), for example, would like to see the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (“DACA”) program terminated, to send a message to people in Central America, “making it clear that we won’t give amnesty to those who are here illegally.[iv]

Beware of political chatter blaming current immigration problems on current policies.

Cruz may be errant in his statement however, in the sense that DACA does not apply to the people currently arriving on U.S. soil, fleeing grave danger in their home countries. To learn more about misconceptions about immigration law and policies and the current border surge, you may read our article, Immigration law and policy is complex and there are frequent misunderstandings on both sides of the fence. Attorney KiKi M. Mosley works diligently to follow the latest news on immigration reform and share valuable information.

Attorney KiKi M. Mosley is licensed to practice law by the States of Illinois and Louisiana. She is skilled and experienced in complex immigration law issues including DACA and related options for children arriving in the U.S. For more information about the law firm, please visit www.KiKisLaw.com, and do not forget to “Like” the firm on Facebook and “Follow” on Twitter. You can also review Attorney Mosley’s endorsements on her Avvo profile.

 

[i] PBS.org, Recess looming, lawmakers appear stuck on Obama’s immigration funding request, By Rachel Wellford, Jul. 22, 2014.

[ii] U.S. House of Representatives Judiciary Committee, Chaffetz and Goodlatte Introduce Bill to Stop the Border Crisis, Jul. 17, 2014.

[iii] U.S. House of Representatives Committee on Science, Space, and Technology, Subcommittee on Research and Technology.

[iv] See PBS.org article (FNi) above.

Immigration law and policy is complex and there are frequent misunderstandings on both sides of the fence

Chicago immigration attorney, KiKi M. Mosley frequently hears misconceptions about immigration law and policy and she works diligently to inform the public about the real law and policy available to applicants for immigration relief.

Chicago immigration attorney, KiKi M. Mosley frequently hears misconceptions about immigration law and policy and she works diligently to inform the public about the real law and policy available to applicants for immigration relief.

Many people are misinformed and confused about U.S. immigration law and policy. Misunderstandings among large numbers of people may contribute to the recent increase of undocumented children, and families arriving on U.S. soil primarily from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador. Some of the people crossing the border are fleeing deadly conditions in their native countries and have little expectation other than survival once arriving in the U.S. Other people may incorrectly believe false propaganda about immigration law and policy in the U.S.  American Citizens watching the news may be just as confused as politicians play the blame game, pointing fingers at one another for failing to pass immigration reform and for allegedly encouraging the influx of recent children arriving on U.S. soil. Common misconceptions about the complex immigration system involve the policy of Prosecutorial Discretion; Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, Asylum, Withholding of Removal and Protection under the Convention Against Torture (“Asylum”), and a lesser-known option called Special Immigrant Juvenile Status.

Many people falsely believe the policy of “Prosecutorial Discretion” gives new arrivals a safe haven.

Prosecutorial Discretion is a policy, not a law, that the Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) announced, which directs Immigrations and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) to focus on arresting and detaining undocumented immigrants charged with serious crimes and who generally pose a security risk. The purpose of the policy is to encourage general law-abiding individuals to participate in a path to legal status and/or citizenship without fear of leaving the house because ICE might deport them. What is important to understand is that prosecutorial discretion is a policy, and ICE may still detain and deport any individual who is not in the U.S. legally. Prosecutorial discretion is not a policy designed to protect the recently arriving immigrants from Central America. To learn more, read our article, Prosecutorial Discretion in Immigration Enforcement.

Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (“DACA”) is not available to recently arriving immigrants.

The word on the street among people, who are somewhat familiar with immigration law and policy, is that the DACA policy will apply to children arriving on U.S. soil on any given day. This is not the law. DACA guidelines under the current law and policy as listed below, DO NOT APPLY to currently arriving undocumented immigrants. For more information about DACA, please read our article, USCIS announces DACA renewal process: First time applications are also accepted.

The guidelines for requesting DACA are as follows[i]:

  1. Were under the age of 31 as of June 15, 2012;
  2. Came to the United States before reaching your 16th birthday;
  3. Have continuously resided in the United States since June 15, 2007, up to the present time;
  4. Were physically present in the United States on June 15, 2012, and at the time of making your request for consideration of deferred action with USCIS;
  5. Had no lawful status on June 15, 2012;
  6. Are currently in school, have graduated or obtained a certificate of completion from high school, have obtained a general education development (GED) certificate, or are an honorably discharged veteran of the Coast Guard or Armed Forces of the United States; and
  7. Have not been convicted of a felony, significant misdemeanor, or three or more other misdemeanors, and do not otherwise pose a threat to national security or public safety.

The Special Immigrant Juveniles (“SIJ”) Status is a limited program for children.

Foreign children in the U.S., who are victims of abuse and neglect, and worse, abandonment, may qualify for a green card. Critics of immigration policies often incorrectly assume that children apply for legal status and green cards solely for bringing the rest of the family to the U.S. Some people even suggest some applicants for relief lie about their life status or condition to get an approval for the benefit of their other family members. The SIJS program, however, excludes parents and siblings. This is another example of immigration relief that is limited in scope. If an individual obtains a green card through SIJS, they would only be able to petition for a green card for brothers and sisters if the SIJ participant becomes a U.S. citizen[ii].

Chicago immigration attorney, KiKi M. Mosley frequently hears misconceptions about immigration law and policy and she works diligently to inform the public about the real law and policy available to applicants for immigration relief.

Attorney KiKi M. Mosley is licensed to practice law by the State of Illinois and Louisiana. She is skilled and experienced in complex immigration law issues including DACA and related options for children arriving in the U.S. For more information about the law firm, please visit www.KiKisLaw.com, and do not forget to “Like” the firm on Facebook and “Follow” on Twitter. You can also review Attorney Mosley’s endorsements on her Avvo profile.

[i] USCIS website: Consideration of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA).

[ii] USCIS website: Special Immigrant Juveniles (SIJ) Status.

Major U.S. cities, counties and states refuse to cooperate with ICE and the number is growing

Not everyone is happy about Philadelphia’s actions thwarting the feds, particularly ICE officials.

Not everyone is happy about Philadelphia’s actions thwarting the feds, particularly ICE officials.

Refusing to cooperate with Immigration and Customs Enforcement (“ICE”) may be the step in the right direction to signal to Congress that we need to move forward and pass Comprehensive Immigration Reform (“CIR”). If ICE does not have the cooperation of local police to hold “immigration detainees,” Congress may have to wake up and fix the underlying problems with our terribly out of date and broken system. Residents of cities and states all over the U.S. are standing up and saying NO!

City officials in several cities like Philadelphia are telling ICE they will no longer cooperate.

In response to local pressure to respond to the increase in immigrant arrivals cities like Philadelphia, Newark, N.J., Cook County (Chicago, IL) and in California launched ICE non-cooperation policies. This spring, Philadelphia Mayor Michael Nutter signed an executive order[i] ending the city’s cooperation with ICE and ending the practice of municipalities holding suspected immigration offenders for periods of time while they await transfer to federal facilities. Nutter explained that their police officers could not adequately conduct investigations of crimes, protect, and serve its communities when undocumented residents are scared to talk to the police.

In response to Mayor Nutter’s order, Philadelphia Council member, Maria Quinones-Sanchez, strongly praised the announcement and stated, “This victory is so huge, not only for the city of Philadelphia, but for the rest of the country…and for those of you who do immigrant work and know the faces behind the stories, the people who suffered that we couldn’t save before.[ii]

Not everyone is happy about Philadelphia’s actions thwarting the feds, particularly ICE officials.

The lack of municipal locations to keep immigrants does not seem to bother ICE whose representatives say they will continue detaining undocumented immigrants. “The release of serious criminal offenders to the streets in a community, rather than to ICE custody, undermines ICE’s ability to protect public safety and impedes us from enforcing the nation’s immigration laws,[iii]” according to a spokesperson Nicole Navas.

The trend is spreading among cities, counties and states from coast to coast.

More municipal jurisdictions have adopted similar orders and ICE non-cooperation plans alongside their neighbors as the public servants listen to constituents who are fed up with revenue and resources being spent acting on the request and behalf of the federal government and the ICE who lack the facilities to house all the suspects of immigration violations.

The conversation continues in several communities of people demanding that Congress take responsibility for the problem and pass CIR which remains stuck in the House of Representatives with a pack of GOP objectors who are now lead by a tea party house majority leader after he beat Eric Cantor, one Republican who many thought would be able to help pass a reform deal.

Chicago immigration attorney, KiKi M. Mosley closely follows news and policy in immigration that affects everyone affected by our failed system.

Attorney KiKi M. Mosley is licensed to practice law by the State of Illinois and Louisiana. She is skilled and experienced in complex immigration law issues including DACA and related options for children arriving in the U.S. For more information about the law firm, please visit www.KiKisLaw.com, and do not forget to “Like” the firm on Facebook and “Follow” on Twitter. You can also review Attorney Mosley’s endorsements on her Avvo profile.

[i] Newsworks.org, Philly police will no longer hold immigrants on behalf of ICE, by Emma Jacobs, Apr. 16, 2014.

[ii] NPR, More Municipalities Deny Federal Requests, Won’t Detain Immigrants, by Emma Jacobs, Jul. 5, 2014.

[iii] See Jacobs NPR article FNii

Update on the immigration crisis and surge of unaccompanied children coming to the U.S.

House Republicans did not make any significant progress to pass immigration reform.

House Republicans did not make any significant progress to pass immigration reform.

Late this spring, President Obama asked Department of Homeland Security (“DHS”) Secretary, Jeh Johnson to hold off on a comprehensive report on how DHS manages deportations and what recommendations should be considered to cure the failures in the immigration system. The President delayed the report while House Republicans had the summer session of Congress to collect enough votes to pass comprehensive immigration reform.

Congress failed to vote to pass reform and the border problem is worse.

House Republicans did not make any significant progress to pass immigration reform. Some political news contributors report that immigration reform is not likely to pass in the House due to the election of a tea party candidate, Dave Brat, replacing Eric Cantor (R) as House Majority Leader. “Eric Cantor is saying we should bring more folks into the country, increase the labor supply – and by doing so, lower wage rates for the working person,” Brat stated[1].

Members of Congress are holding a House Homeland Committee “field committee” hearing in McAllen, Texas last week to discuss options and plans to address the surge of Latin American children crossing the border. Rick Perry (R) Texas Governor, who will testify at the hearing called on President Obama to secure the south Texas border. Recent news reports that Texas is a main point of entry for more than 50,000 children from Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador who crossed the border in the Rio Grande Valley since October.[2]

The U.S. government response includes a request for funding to address the problems and an ad campaign to Spanish speaking viewers on both sides of the border.

President Obama is asking congress for more than $2 billion to better handle the surge of child immigrants arriving in the U.S. The money would be used to facilitate quicker deportations so the children can be reunited with families. Additionally, the requested funds would be used to enact tougher punishments for the human smugglers and to better screen and house the children being smuggled[3].

U.S. Customs and Border Protection is launching an advertising campaign warning that the trip to the U.S. is dangerous and when you arrive you will not be allowed to stay. Spanish language television ads targeting immigrants on both sides of the border. The ads state that “Those who risk such journeys could be easy prey for ‘coyotes’ and criminal organizations, be robbed or subjected to violence, sexual assault, sex trafficking or forced labor.[4]

Chicago immigration attorney, KiKi M. Mosley closely follows news and policy in immigration that affects the population of people fleeing violence and oppression in their home countries as they risk everything for a chance at a better life in the U.S.

Attorney KiKi M. Mosley is licensed to practice law by the State of Illinois and Louisiana. She is skilled and experienced in complex immigration law issues including DACA and related options for children arriving in the U.S. For more information about the law firm, please visit www.KiKisLaw.com, and do not forget to “Like” the firm on Facebook and “Follow” on Twitter. You can also review Attorney Mosley’s endorsements on her Avvo profile.

[1] NBC News, Eric Cantor a Casualty of Immigration Reform, by Mark Murray.

[2] USA Today, Child immigrant crisis prompts hearing at Texas border, by Rick Jervis, Jul. 3, 2014.

[3] The Wall Street Journal, Obama Seeks More Than $2 Billion in Border Control Funds, by Laura Meckler, Jun. 29, 2014.

[4] NBC News, Feds to Wage Ad Campaign to Stem Dangerous Treks to U.S. Border, by Suzanne Gamboa.